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3 common ways of extracting CBD from hemp

CBD can be extracted from hemp in a few ways and it is quite important to know how your CBD is extracted as it can affect the quality of a product and even how it may interact with your body.

In order for CBD to work properly and be edible for humans, the CBD has to be extracted to separate the cannabinoids. This is done by being decarboxylated, which means, applying heat. Cannabinoids that can be ingested, such as oils, pills and gummies, need decarboxylation so they can work properly in the human body. This causes partial decarboxylation and once inhaled, they become completely decarboxylated. Raw cannabis not only tastes foul. But can also pose harmful risks for people which is why extraction is so important.

The three most common ways to extract CBD are:

olive oil, solvent and CO2 extraction. The olive oil extraction process is the most traditional method. People have been using this method for a long time. It is very safe and cheap and easy to do. However, it often doesn’t produce the best quality CBD products. As the olive oil doesn’t evaporate so the concentration of the product isn’t high. It also needs to be stored in a dark, cool place as it can disintegrate.  The hemp is decarboxylated to make sure the chemicals in the plant are triggered. Then olive oil is added and the hemp and oil is heated again, which is when the cannabinoids are extracted. 

Solvent extraction is cheap, simple and quick but it is also the most dangerous method of extraction. It involves using ethanol, butane, propane, isopropyl or alcohol to extract the CBD. Solvent extraction softens the waxes from the plant which hold a lot of nutrients. It extracts the cannabinoids and also the chlorophyll, which is responsible for the bitter taste some CBD products have. Next, the flowers and trimmings from the hemp plant are put into a container. The solvent is then put through the material, taking out the cannabinoids. The final step is evaporation, which turns the cannabinoids into an oil form.

CO2 Extraction

CO2 extraction is the leading method of extraction, as it is safe and produces nice-tasting products, but it is the most expensive method, which also means the finished products cost more too. This method uses a ‘closed-loop extractor’ which is a machine that has three chambers.

The first chamber has pressurized dry ice (CO2), the second has dried hemp and the third is used to isolate the end result. CO2 is pumped into the second chamber, which turns into a form between gas and liquid. This then runs through the dried hemp plant and extracts the cannabinoids. It is pumped into the third chamber where the CO2 moves to the top and leaves the extract at the bottom of the chamber.

References:

CBD Awareness Project, (2019), CBD Extraction Methods. Available at: https://www.cbdoil.org/cbd-extraction-methods/

Tesser Naturals, (2019), CBD Extraction Methods Explained, Austin. Available at: https://tesseranaturals.com/cbd-extraction-methods-explained/

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How CBD can help in anxiety and stress

One of the most well-known benefits of CBD is the positive effects it can have on anxiety and post traumatic syndrome (PTSD). Anxiety or stress is a debilitating condition that can seriously affect the quality of your life. Symptoms of anxiety can differ for each person, but they can be both mental and physical.

The most common symptoms are a constant sense of fear or worry, sadness, angst, breathlessness, heart palpitations, dizziness, hot and cold flushes – just to name a few. PTSD is a disorder founded on anxiety and usually occurs after a severely traumatic experience or event. Symptoms of PTSD include flashbacks, nightmares, detachment from people and feelings, drug and alcohol addiction and more.

How can CBD help in stress?

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, a study was done on rats to see if CBD alleviated their levels of stress. The study concluded that the rats had much lower levels of anxiety – their increased heart rate slowed down – after receiving a dose of CBD. In humans, CBD interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors. These receptors are located in the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. Scientists believe that CBD may alter serotonin signals – the neurotransmitter associated with anxiety and depression.

Studies have also shown that CBD can also help with other forms of anxiety, such as social anxiety disorder (SAD). In one of the study’s, Scientists found that patients with SAD who were given 400 milligrams CBD experienced significant decreases in their anxiety levels. CBD can also help those suffering from PTSD. A recent study revealed that CBD can curb symptoms of PTSD, such as nightmares and flashbacks.

CBD can also help those who suffer from insomnia caused by anxiety. CBD assists in regulating the stress hormone, cortisol. Too much cortisol in the body can play havoc on non-REM sleep cycles. A study published in the National Library of Medicine found that a group of subjects who were given CBD oil could sleep better. It helped alleviate their anxiety symptoms. 

Our range of CBD oils, sprays and gummies can help you get on top of your anxiety and reduce your stress levels.

Sources:

https://www.healthline.com/health/cbd-for-anxiety#dosage
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnins.2018.00502/full
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0269881110379283
https://au.reachout.com/articles/what-is-anxiety
https://www.questforlife.com.au/treatment/post-traumatic-stress-disorder?gclid=CjwKCAjwiOv7BRBREiwAXHbv3LbBGY0Ktvd9aPDEneR1l_UdrytFqBa4bsAo8PGoQULwKn75vyggdxoC5qcQAvD_BwE
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30624194/
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Is CBD right choice for Vegan and for me?

We’ve all heard the benefits of a plant-based diet, but now we can infuse that diet with even more goodness. CBD oil can be added to foods and drinks and there are also a number of food products on the market that already include cbd in them. CBD oil can also help vegans in more ways than one…

What drinks and foods can CBD be infused in?

CBD oil can be added to a plethora of home-made drinks and food; smoothies,milkshakes  juices, muffins and even coffee. 

Drinks:


For those who enjoy a cold brew but don’t enjoy the anxiety that can be associated with caffeine, a few drops of CBD oil can eradicate the negative effects of too much caffeine. Even alcoholic cocktails can include CBD oil. CBD mixes well with spirits such as vodka and cognac, as well as beer and wine. Interestingly, CBD reacts differently with each alcohol. There are a number of Kombucha teas on the market that are infused with CBD. The combination of this probiotic drink and CBD has an array of benefits, such as better gut health, less inflammation and decreased levels of anxiety. 

Foods:


CBD oil is being infused into gummies and brownies, making it much easier for people to enjoy their daily dose. Desserts and sweet treats are also being laced with CBD. Breakfast foods like muesli, granola and acai bowls are an easy food product to sprinkle a few drops of CBD over. If you are going to add CBD oil to baked or cooked foods, make sure you stay under 160 degrees celsius as very hot temperatures can reduce the effectiveness of CBD.

CBD products for vegans

If you follow a plant-based diet or don’t want to consume animal products for protein and iron, hemp derived CBD oil can help improve your energy levels. The hemp plant has all 20 amino acids, meaning that CBD is a good protein source. As a vegan, you likely don’t get all the complex B vitamins. CBD has all of them, including Vitamin B6, B12, riboflavin, niacin and thiamine. A fact that many people don’t know is that CBD also contains a high level of iron. This is perfect for those who follow a plant-based diet and don’t want to take iron supplements.

Our CBD products are all vegan and animal-friendly. Get in touch with us today about our array of products.

Sources:

https://medium.com/alphagreen/cbd-infused-food-and-drinks-the-ultimate-guide-de8f221598eb
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How useful is CBD for joint pain?

Joint pain, also known as arthritis, affects more than 50 million Americans. It is a common disease, but there are over 100 different types of arthritis. The main symptoms include pain, stiffness in between the joints and swelling. Symptoms can come and go or can linger chronically. There are two main types of arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and Osteoarthritis (OA). Both types of arthritis cause pain and inflammation, but RA is an autoimmune disease and OA is a degenerative disease. The pain and swelling from arthritis mainly occurs in hands, fingers, feet, toes, wrists and in the back.

CBD products such as tinctures, sprays and topical creams and lotions can help alleviate symptoms of joint pain. CBD oil interacts with two receptors, called CB1 and CB2. The interaction can help alleviate pain and inflammation. Faye Rim, MDD, a physiatrist and pain management specialist at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City believes that these particular receptors are linked to coordination, movement, pain, emotional output and the immune system. This could explain why people who suffer from RA and OA benefit from CBD products.

How can CBD products be used for joint pain?

CBD products can be taken in the form of a tincture, spray, creams, lotions and orally, such as gummies and capsules. Local joint pain reacts well to topical creams which are rubbed directly on the area that is painful. Whereas those who suffer from arthritis may benefit more from taking a tincture or capsule each day.

Everyone is different and everyone reacts differently. Explore what feels right for you. A high-quality CBD product is key in ensuring you are receiving the most benefits possible from CBD. We are happy to hear from you. Get in touch with us today to discuss your options.

Sources:

https://www.arthritis.org/health-wellness/about-arthritis/understanding-arthritis/what-is-arthritis
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319796#cbd-oil-and-arthritis-pain-relief
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Can CBD help me sleep better?

Why is sleep important?

Sleep is one of the most important factors in our lives. It is just as important as diet and exercise. A good night of sleep ensures we are focused and productive, are able to make better food choices, have stamina and decreases our likelihood of developing disease and mental health conditions. If insomnia disrupts our sleep cycle, everything else becomes unbalanced too.

However, insomnia is not an uncommon health condition. According to the National Sleep Foundation, studies show that between 50 to 70 million US adults experience sleeplessness at some point in their lives and that 10-15% of the population suffer from chronic insomnia. 

Insomnia and CBD

This is where CBD infused products can help. 

CBD products, such as oils, sprays and gummies can have a positive impact on our sleep and can decrease insomnia. Firstly, it has been proven that CBD can help alleviate symptoms of anxiety and depression. Symptoms of anxiety and depression itself can include insomnia and having a hard time staying asleep. Secondly, CBD can promote concentration and alertness and decrease daytime sleepiness. Thirdly, CBD can stimulate our REM behaviour. This means it can help those who suffer from REM behaviour disorder, such as those with Parkinson’s disease or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). When we sleep, our bodies go into a type of paralysis mode. This protects ourselves from reacting physically to our dreams. However, those that suffer from REM behaviour disorder are able to move more freely in their sleep, which disrupts their sleep and may even cause harm to themselves and others. 

Our CBD products are the perfect way to hit that insomnia on the head and wake up feeling rested and ready to tackle the day ahead. Ask us which product is best for you and how it can assist you with eliminating insomnia.

Sources:

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/325353#preventing-depression
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/cbd-and-sleep
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How CBD Oil can be useful in Endometriosis?

CBD Oil & Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a painful condition that women can develop. It is also a fairly common condition as it affects between 2%-10% of women within the general population. As of today, there is no known cure. However, studies have shown that CBD oil can help alleviate painful symptoms and reduce inflammation.

What exactly is endometriosis?

It is when cells from the uterus grow in other parts of the body, such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, the bowel and the areas around the uterus. It is a chronic and painful disease and the cause is often not known. Doctors believe it could be due to family history, retrograde menstruation or low body weight, but some patients don’t have any of these issues. Besides the pain and inflammation, it is one of the leading causes of infertility in women.

How does CBD oil help?

Research suggests that CBD oil can help ease the symptoms of endometriosis. It works by decreasing the amount of inflammation, which also helps ease the pain and muscle spasms. It can also reduce the level of nausea that a lot of women with this can also experience. CBD infused products, such as creams and lotions also help. Applying the cream directly to the pelvic region can be very effective for a lot of women.

According to the lead author on the study of how Australian women manage their endometriosis symptoms, Justin Sinclair from NICM Health Research Institute, cannabis has been used for hundreds of years in relation to gynecological issues and pain. 

In 2020, we are simply rediscovering ancient forms of healing that we can use today.

Sources:

https://australiascience.tv/endometriosis-sufferers-are-turning-to-cannabis/https://endometriosis.net/clinical/cbd/https://www.jeanhailes.org.au/resources/endometriosis-fact-sheet?gclid=Cj0KCQjwhvf6BRCkARIsAGl1GGhif6YSmfNzNo25xZk_4bH22XvbiWvMDrhCg_4yorexgsnMAg8By8kaAoxOEALw_wcBhttps://www.endometriosis.ie/about-endometriosis/?gclid=Cj0KCQjwhvf6BRCkARIsAGl1GGgt5LAzEr5HOQvHO6Vw8kRRnwnll3306rlhbTEMc-R-fHyBvRtm0hAaAqKzEALw_wcBhttps://www.webmd.com/women/endometriosis/know-endometriosis-18/slideshow-unexpected-ways-to-ease-endometriosis-pain#:~:text=Research%20suggests%20CBD%20can%20help,a%20safe%20and%20legal%20source.
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How useful are CBD skincare products?

We all know about CBD oil, which is a fantastic product for most, but did you know you can also use CBD skincare products? CBD infused skin products, such as serums, creams, gels, balms and sprays all work just as well as CBD oil. 

Forms of topical CBD products

Many massage therapists, osteopaths, physiotherapists and chiropractors use CBD infused serums when massaging the muscles. A serum is a highly concentrated form of CBD and works well to decrease inflammation, release tension and help with pain. CBD infused creams are also a good option for those experiencing body aches and pains and are less greasy than the serums and oils, not to mention they usually smell pleasant too.

CBD infused gels are a good alternative for facial creams, as the healing properties are known to help with skin issues such as acne. Balms are usually made from beeswax mixed with CBD oil and are great for using if you have more localised pain. CBD infused sprays are popular among athletes and fantastic for outdoor use – for example, if you have an insect bite. They are also easy to carry with you. 

How does it work?

Just like CBD oil, topical CBD products affect the endocannabinoid system, but on a cellular level. The topical product permeates the C1 or C2 receptors and a message is sent to the DNA through the cell nucleus.

Arachidonic acid is the cause of pain and inflammation within the body. This process stops the production of this acid, decreasing the level of pain. Topical CBD products have next to no side-effects and feel nice when applied to the skin. 

Should I use a topical CBD product?

Almost everyone can safely use a CBD skincare products. They are most popular with those who do not like the taste of CBD oil. Topical CBD creams, lotions and serums can also be integrated into a skin care routine. It can be part of a daily wellness routine. Topical CBD products are also great to use if you suffer from dry skin, as they hydrate the skin.

Sources:

https://health.usnews.com/wellness/articles/do-topical-cbd-products-work
https://www.cedars-sinai.org/blog/cbd-beauty-products.html
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How CBD oil can be useful in Fibromyalgia

As we know, CBD oil is a fantastic product to use to help ease pain and inflammation and alleviate symptoms of many medical conditions. Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain disorder that can cause body pain, fatigue, insomnia, digestive and cognitive issues. In general, women are more affected by it and as of now, there is no known cure for this debilitating disease.

However, research has shown that those suffering from Fibromyalgia are finding relief with CBD products. CBD decreases pain levels, anxiety and depression and aids better sleep and insomnia. 

How does it work?

Fibromyalgia causes inflammation in the brain, which can cause pain and disorientation. CBD oil can decrease inflammation. It can also help improve cell repair in the brain, as well as reduce neuropathic pain. Mood disorders in patients who suffer from Fibromyalgia, such as anxiety and depression are usually caused by chronic pain. Because CBD products can alleviate the pain, mental health issues can therefore also be helped. People who have Fibromyalgia can also suffer from irritable bowel syndrome (IBD) and reflux issues, which is another form of inflammation in the body. CBD products can help with IBD and reflux conditions such as GERD. 

Most people with Fibromyalgia use a CBD tincture, but it can also be used topically. CBD oil can be infused into creams and balms and rubbed or massaged into the body to provide relief. It can also be smoked, vaped and eaten, but CBD infused food usually takes longer to have an effect on the body.

If you suffer from Fibromyalgia, CBD products are a great alternative to explore if you want to take a natural pain reliever. 

Sources:

https://www.healthline.com/health/cbd-for-fibromyalgia
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The ECS System & It’s Affects On The Human Body

The ECS System:

The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) is a term that is used a lot in the CBD world – but what exactly is it and how does it work?

The ECS is a highly complex system within the human body and is something that researchers are still trying to fully understand. What we do know is that we all have an ECS . It is responsible for controlling an important array of functions and processes such as: mood, appetite, sleep, memory and reproduction and fertility. Our ESC systems still operate in our bodies, even if we don’t consume cannabis.

The ECS entails three main parts: endocannabinoids, receptors and enzymes.

Endocannabinoids :

are molecules created by your body and there are two main endocannabinoids: anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG).

In fact, endocannabinoids are even found in a mother’s breast milk as it is considered to assist in the healthy functioning of a child’s brain development.

The endocannabinoids bind to the receptors (found all around the body) to let the ECS know that it needs to kick into gear.  Endocannabinoids are able to bind to either receptor and it is from there that the effects start to happen. For instance, endocannabinoids may attach to the CB1 receptors in the spinal nerve to ease pain. Once the endocannabinoids have done what they need to do, enzymes break them down.

One of the main cannabinoids found in cannabis is cannabidiol (CBD). There are two main beliefs as to how CBD works in the body. The first is that CBD does not attach itself to our CB1 or CB2 receptors. but instead stops our natural endocannabinoids from breaking down and actually making them more effective than ever.

The second belief is that CBD binds itself to a receptor that hasn’t yet been discovered. In any case we can see evidence suggesting there are positive results in the body from CBD consumption. The other main cannabinoid found in cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). This is the compound that makes us feel ‘high’. THC is able to bind to both main receptors and produces effects on the body such as increasing one’s appetite or decreasing pain.

Sources:

https://www.healthline.com/health/endocannabinoid-system

Guide to the Endocannabinoid System

https://www.foriawellness.com/blogs/learn/balancing-your-endocannabinoid-system

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endocannabinoid_system

Cannabidiol (CBD) — what we know and what we don’t