The ECS System:
The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) is a term that is used a lot in the CBD world – but what exactly is it and how does it work?
The ECS is a highly complex system within the human body and is something that researchers are still trying to fully understand. What we do know is that we all have an ECS . It is responsible for controlling an important array of functions and processes such as: mood, appetite, sleep, memory and reproduction and fertility. Our ESC systems still operate in our bodies, even if we don’t consume cannabis.
The ECS entails three main parts: endocannabinoids, receptors and enzymes.
are molecules created by your body and there are two main endocannabinoids: anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG).
In fact, endocannabinoids are even found in a mother’s breast milk as it is considered to assist in the healthy functioning of a child’s brain development.
The endocannabinoids bind to the receptors (found all around the body) to let the ECS know that it needs to kick into gear. Endocannabinoids are able to bind to either receptor and it is from there that the effects start to happen. For instance, endocannabinoids may attach to the CB1 receptors in the spinal nerve to ease pain. Once the endocannabinoids have done what they need to do, enzymes break them down.
One of the main cannabinoids found in cannabis is cannabidiol (CBD). There are two main beliefs as to how CBD works in the body. The first is that CBD does not attach itself to our CB1 or CB2 receptors. but instead stops our natural endocannabinoids from breaking down and actually making them more effective than ever.
The second belief is that CBD binds itself to a receptor that hasn’t yet been discovered. In any case we can see evidence suggesting there are positive results in the body from CBD consumption. The other main cannabinoid found in cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). This is the compound that makes us feel ‘high’. THC is able to bind to both main receptors and produces effects on the body such as increasing one’s appetite or decreasing pain.